Expert Witness Services

Property Management Expert Witness


Homeowner Associations

Apartments - Commercial


Condominium Associations




Michael Chulak is available as a litigation consultant and / or expert witness in any of the following areas:

Premises Liability Habitability
Mold Standard of Care
Landlord - Tenant Business Judgment Rule
Assessment Collections Maintenance - Repairs
Reserve Studies Developer Directors
Davis-Stirling Act Security
Negligent Hiring CC&R Enforcement
Dog Attacks Inspections
ADA Claims Housing Discrimination
Elevator Accidents Failure to Accomodate
HOA Fraud HOA Developer Fraud
Vermin Infestations Bed Bugs - Roaches


Mortgage Lending Expert Witness

Income Property Lending

Construction Loans


Residential Real Estate Loans


Michael Chulak is available as a mortgage lending litigation consultant and expert witness in any of the following areas:

Standard of Care Residential Loan Underwriting
Foreclosures - Fraud Income Property Loan Underwriting
Secondary Market Sub Prime Loans
Loan Sales Loan Documentation
Construction Lending Funds Control
Loan Broker Relationships Construction Inspections
Loan Repurchase Agreements Disclosure Requirements
Loss Mitigation Lending Procedures
Loan Modifications Loan Participations
Loan Servicing Loan Escrows
Risk Analysis Construction Loan Disbursements
Homeowner Association Loans Loan Processing



Alter Ego Expert Witness


Joint Venture Liability

Joint Enterprise Liability



Michael Chulak is available as a litigation consultant and / or expert witness in any of the following areas:

Alter Ego Claims

Joint Venture Liability


Piercing the Corporate Veil

Joint Enterprise Liability



Piercing the Corporate Veil

Alter Ego Doctrine

Joint Enterprise Liability


The concepts of Piercing the Corporate Veil and Alter Ego are important to the following:

Plaintiffs and their attorneys
Defendants and their attorneys
Corporation shareholders
Corporation directors
Members of Limited Liability Companies
Operating Managers of LLCs
People intending to form a corporation or limited liability corporation for asset protection purposes


Most people form corporations to insulate themselves from liability. The insulation exists because corporations are generally considered by law to be separate and distinct from their shareholders. For example, if a judgment is entered against a corporation, its shareholders will not be liable to pay the judgment except to the extent that shareholders have invested money by purchasing stock. This protection is often referred to as the corporate veil. While most people who incorporate believe they have no personal liability for the debts of the corporation, this is not always true.

Courts can disregard or pierce the corporate veil in situations where the shareholders disregard the legal separateness and the corporation acts as the alter ego of the shareholders in their dealings with third parties.

Alter ego is a legal theory that can apply to many defendants, and consequently, it can significantly expand the ability of a plaintiffs attorney to reach individuals and entities otherwise protected by the corporate veil. For example, corporations with subsidiaries or affiliates may be named as defendants in law suits on the ground that they are not actually separate. Thus, a corporate shareholder's exposure to liability may be greatly expanded.

In order for a court to determine that a corporation is the alter ego of the shareholders, two elements must be established.

First, there must be such a unity of interest and ownership that the separate personalities of the corporation and the shareholder (or the other entity) no longer exist, and secondly, that there will be an inequitable result if the acts are treated as those of the corporation alone.

Following are some of the factors that courts evaluate when determining whether to pierce the corporate veil:

Whether the funds of the shareholders and corporation have been kept separate or commingled
Whether the funds of the shareholders and corporation have been kept separate or commingled
Inadequate capitalization making the corporation a mere shell, conduit or instrumentality of the shareholders
Non-functioning directors
Whether shareholders are withdrawing funds or assets from the corporation for personal use without justification or documentation
Adequacy of insurance to protect third parties
Did the corporation comply with the law
Was the corporation properly licensed for its intended activity
Did the corporation issue stock to the shareholders
Whether the corporation conducts all of its business in the corporate name
Did the corporation engage in transactions with shareholders that were not at arms length
Have the shareholders placed any of the corporate assets on their personal financial statements given to third parties
Was the corporation used as an instrumentality or agent of the shareholders
Would there be an inequitable result if the corporate veil is used as a defense

Since corporate minutes are a first line of defense, they should include resolutions regarding the following:

Approval of large contracts
Compensation of officers
Acquisition or sale of significant assets
Designation of banking institutions
Approval of guarantees
Declarations of dividends
Approval of loans
Adoption of employee benefit plans
Authorization to sign documents and checks

While limited liability companies are not required to maintain the same formalities as corporations and the law on the subject is less clear, the veil of protection afforded by the creation of LLCs can still be pierced by a court if the two elements described above are satisfied.

In summation, alter ego is a well accepted principle in California. In developing the alter ego doctrine, California courts have balanced two competing considerations. On the one hand, they recognize that the law permits the incorporation of businesses for the purpose of isolating liabilities among separate entities. Since society recognizes the benefits of allowing persons and organizations to limit their business risks through incorporation, sound public policy dictates that disregard of those separate corporate entities be approached with caution. On the other hand, they have also emphasized that it would be unjust to permit those who control companies to assert their separateness in order to commit frauds and other misdeeds with impunity.

Closely related to the alter ego doctrine is the doctrine of joint enterprise liability or enterprise liability. While piercing the corporate veil provides a mechanism for holding a shareholder (person or entity) liable for the debts of the corporation, joint enterprise liability provides a mechanism for holding a non-shareholder liable for the debts of a corporation.

A joint enterprise is defined as an enterprise created by two or more persons or entities, by express or implied agreement, that have a common purpose and equal rights of control.

In order for a court to determine that joint enterprise liability exists, two elements must be established:

First, there must be such a unity of interest between the two (or more) entities that their separate existence has de facto ceased, and secondly, that treating the two entities as separate would promote an injustice.




Areas Served:

Los Angeles County:

Acton, Agoura, Agoura Hills, Agua Dulce, Alhambra, Altadena, Arcadia, Arleta, Artesia, Avalon, Azusa, Baldwin Hills, Baldwin Park, Bassett, Bell, Bell Canyon, Bell Gardens, Bellflower, Beverly Hills, Bouquet Canyon, Box Canyon, Burbank, Calabasas, Calabasas Hills, Canoga Park, Canyon Country, Carson, Castaic, Century City, Cerritos, Chatsworth, Claremont, Commerce, Compton, Covina, Cudahy, Crystalaire, Culver City, Del Sur, Diamond Bar, Downey, Duarte, East Los Angeles, East Rancho Dominguez, El Monte, El Segundo, Encino, Firestone Park, Flintridge, Gardena, Glassell, Glassell Park, Glendale, Glendora, Granada Hills, Hacienda Heights, Hawaiian Gardens, Hansen Dam, Hawthorne, Hermosa Beach, Hidden Hills, Highland Park, Hollywood, Huntington Park, Industry, Inglewood, Irwindale, La Canada Flintridge, La Crescenta- Montrose, La Habra Heights, La Mirada, La Puente, La Verne, La Canada, Lake Hughes, Lake Los Angeles, Lake View Terrace, Lakewood, Lancaster, Lawndale, Leimert Park, Lennox, Leona Valley, Lincoln Heights, Littlerock, Lomita, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Lynwood, Malibu, Manhattan Beach, Marina Del Rey, Maywood, Mission Hills, Monrovia, Monte Nido, Montebello, Monterey Park, Mount Baldy, Mount Wilson, Newhall, North El Monte, North Hills, North Hollywood, Northridge, Norwalk, Pacoima, Palisades, Palmdale, Paramount, Pearblossom, Pico Rivera, Pomona, Quartz Hill, Rancho Dominguez, Rancho Palos Verdes, Rancho Park, Redondo Beach, Reseda, Ritter Ranch, Rolling Hills, Rolling Hills Estates, Rosemead, San Dimas, San Fernando, San Gabriel, San Marino, San Pedro, Santa Clarita, Santa Fe Springs, Santa Monica, Saratoga Hills, Saugus, Sherman Oaks, Sierra Madre, Signal Hill, South El Monte, South Gate, South Pasadena, Stevenson Ranch, Studio City, Sun Valley, Sun Village, Tarzana, Temple City, Toluca Lake, Topanga, Torrance, Tujunga, Universal City, Val Verde, Valencia, Valley Village, Van Nuys, Venice, Vernon, Walnut, Walnut Park, West Covina, West Hills, West Hollywood, West Los Angeles, West Toluca Lake, Westchester, Whittier, Wilmington, Windsor Hills, Winnetka, Woodland Hills.

Ventura County:

Camarillo, Channel Islands, Faria Beach, Fillmore, Moorpark, Newbury Park, Oak Park, Oak View, Ojai, Oxnard, Port Hueneme, Santa Paula, Saticoy, Somis, Simi Valley, Thousand Oaks, Ventura (San Buenaventura), Westlake Village.

Orange County:

Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Balboa Island, Brea, Buena Park, Corona Island, Costa Mesa, Cypress, Dana Point, Foothill Ranch, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Irvine, La Habra, La Palma, Ladera Ranch, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forrest, Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Newport Coast, Orange, Placentia, Rossmoor, San Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Santa Ana Heights, Seal Beach, Stanton, Tustin, Tustin Foothills, Villa Park, Westminster, Yorba Linda.

San Bernardino County:

Adelanto, Apple Valley, Barstow, Big Bear, Big Bear City, Chino, Chino Hills, Colton, Crestline, Fontana, Grand Terrace, Hesperia, Highland, Joshua Tree, Lake Arrowhead, Landers, Loma Linda, Montclair, Morongo Valley, Needles, Ontario, Rancho Cucamonga, Redlands, Rialto, Running Springs, San Bernardino, Twentynine Palms, Upland, Victorville, Yucaipa, Yucca Valley.

Riverside County:

Anza, Banning, Beaumont, Bermuda Dunes, Blythe, Cabazon, Calimesa, Canyon Lake, Cathedral City, Cherry Valley, Coachella, Corona, Desert Hot Springs, East Blythe, East Hemet, El Cerrito, Glen Avon, Hemet, Highgrove, Home Gardens, Homeland, Idyllwild-Pine Cove, Indian Wells, Indio, La Quinta, Lake Elsinore, Lakeland Village, Lakeview, Mecca, Mira Loma, Moreno Valley, Murrieta, Murrieta Hot Springs, Norco, Nuevo, Palm Desert, Palm Springs, Pedley, Perris, Quail Valley, Rancho Mirage, Riverside, Rubidoux, San Jacinto, Sun City, Sunnyslope, Temecula, Thousand Palms, Valle Vista, Wildomar, Winchester, Woodcrest.

San Diego County:

Carlsbad, Chula Vista, Coronado, Del Mar, El Cajon, Encinitas (Cardiff-by-Sea, Leucadia, Olivenhain) Escondido, Fairbanks, Ranch, Fallbrook, Imperial Beach, Julian, La Mesa, Lake San, Lakeside, Lemon Grove, National City, Oceanside (San Luis Rey), Poway, Romona, Rancho San Diego, Rancho Santa Fe, San Diego, San Marcos, Santee, Solana Beach, Hidden Meadows, San Diego County Estates, Spring Valley, Vista.

San Luis Obispo County:

Arroyo Grande, Atascadero, Avila Beach, Baywood-Los Osos, Cambria, Cayucos, Grover Beach, Lake Nacimiento, Los Osos, Morro Bay, Nipomo, Oceano, Paso Robles, Pismo Beach, San Luis Obispo, San Miguel, San Simeon, Santa Margarita, Templeton.

Santa Barbara County:

Ballard, Buellton, Carpinteria, Gaviota, Goleta, Guadalupe, Hollister Ranch, Hope Ranch, Isla Vista, Lompoc, Los Alamos, Los Olivos, Mission Canyon, Mission Hills, Montecito, Orcutt, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria, Santa Ynez, Solvang, Summerland, Toro Canyon

Alameda County:

Alameda, Albany, Berkeley, Dublin, Emeryville, Fremont, Hayward, Livermore, Newark, Oakland, Piedmont, Pleasanton, San Leandro, Union City

Contra Costa County:

Antioch, Brentwood, Clayton, Concord, Danville, El Cerrito, Hercules, Lafayette, Martinez, Moraga, Mountain View, Oakley, Orinda, Pinole, Pittsburg, Pleasant Hill, Richmond, San Pablo, San Ramon, Walnut Creek

Fresno County:

Auberry, Big Creek, Biola, Bowles, Calwa, Cantua Creek, Caruthers, Centerville, Clovis, Coanlinga, Del Rey, Dunlap, Easton, Firebaugh, Fowler, Fresno, Friant, Highway City, Huron, Kerman, Kingsburg, Lanare, Laton, Mendota, Mercy Hot Springs, Minkler, Orange Grove, Parlier, Pinedale, Prather, Raisin City, Reedley, Riverdale, Rolinda, San Joaquin, Sanger, Selma, Shaver Lake, Squaw Valley, Tarpey Village, Three Rocks, Tollhouse, Tranquility

Imperial County:

Brawley, Calexico, Calipatria, El Centro, Holtville, Imperial, Salton City

Kern County:

Arvin, Bakersfield, Bear Valley Springs, Boron, California City, Delano, Frazier Park, Lake Isabella, Lebec, Maricopa, McFarland, Mojave, Pine Mountain Club, Ridgecrest, Rosedale, Shafter, Taft, Tehachapi, Wasco, Wofford Heights

Marin County:

Bel Marin Keys, Belvedere, Black Point - Green Point, Bolinas, Corte Madera, Dillon Beach, Dogtown, Fairfax, Hamilton, Ignacio, Inverness, Inverness Park, Kentfield, Lagunitas - Forest Knolls, Larkspur, Las Gallinas, Lucas Valley - Marinwood, Greenbrae, Marin City, Marshall, Mill Valley, Muir Beach, Novato, Point Reyes Station, Ross, San Anselmo, San Marin, San Rafael, Santa Venetia, Sausalito, Sleepy Hollow, Stinson Beach, Strawberry, Tamalpais - Homestead Valley, Tiburon, Woodacre

Monterey County:

Bradley, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Del Rey Oaks, Gonzales, Greenfield, King City, Marina, Monterey, Pacific Grove, Pebble Beach, Salinas, Sand City, Seaside, Soledad

Sacramento County:

Citrus Heights, Elk Grove, Folsom, Galt, Isleton, Rancho, Rio Linda, Rosemont, Sacramento

San Francisco County:

San Francisco City

San Joaquin County:

Escalon, Lathrop, Lodi, Manteca, Ripon, Stockton, Tracy

If you searched for any of the following terms, you have found the right website:

Alter Ego Claims, Alter Ego Litigation, California, California Expert Witnesses, California Experts, Construction, Consultant, Expert, Expert Listings, Expert Network, Expert Networks, Expert Referral Service, Expert Referral Services, Expert Referrals, Expert Research Firms, Expert Testimony, Expert Witness, Expert Witness Directories, Expert Witness Directory, Foreclosures, Free Expert Directory, Homeowner Associations, Joint Enterprise Liability, Joint Venture Liability, Legal Consultant, Litigation Consultant, Litigation Support, National Directory, Piercing the Corporate Veil, Real Estate, Standard of Care 

ADA Claims, Animal Attacks, Apartment, Apartment Building, Apartment Management, Arizona, Assessment Collections, Assessment Lien, Bed Bugs, Board of Directors, Business Judgment Rule, California, California Expert Witnesses, California Experts, CC&Rs, CID, Commercial Building, Common Interest, Development, Community Association, Condominium, Condominium Associations, Condominium Conversion, Condominiums, Consultant, Coop, Cooperative, Davis-Stirling Act, Davis-Stirling Expert, Declaration of CC&Rs, Elevator Accidents, Expert, Expert Knowledge Corporation, Expert Listings, Expert Network, Expert Networks, Expert Referral Service, Expert Referral Services, Expert Referrals, Expert Research Firms, Expert Testimony, Expert Witness, Expert Witness, Expert Witness Directories, Expert Witness Directory, Failure to Accomodate, Foreclosures, Free Expert Directory, Glass Injuries, Habitability, Hiring Contractors, HOA, HOA Loans, HOA Management, Homeowner Association, Homeowner Association Expert, Homeowner Association Loans, Homeowner Association Management, Housing Discrimination, Injuries, Inspection Standards, Legal Consultant, Litigation Consultant, Litigation Support, Maintenance Standards, Mini Storage, Mobile Home Park, Mold, Mold Remediation, National Directory, Negligent Hiring, Nevada, Office Building, Office Condominiums, Office Condominium, Parking Lot, Parking Structures, Planned Development, Planned Unit Development, Premises Liability, Premises Liability Apartments, Premises Liability Commercial Buildings, Premises Liability Condominiums, Premises Liability Consultants, Premises Liability Experts, Premises Liability Parking Garages, Premises Liability Parking Lots, Property Inspections, Property Management, Property Management Security, Property Management Training, Property Manager, Property Manager Training, Property Safety, Property Security, PUD, Reserve Studies, Reserve Study, Retail Center, Retail Mall, Roaches, Safety Glass, Shopping Center, Shower Glass, Sliding Glass Doors, Slip and Fall, Slum Lord, Swimming Pool, Trip and Fall, Uninhabitable, Uninhabitable Conditions, Vermin Infestations

Apartments, Apartment Building, California, California Expert Witnesses, California Experts, Commercial Buildings, Construction Inspections, Construction Lending, Construction Loan Disbursements, Consultant, Deed of Trust, Deeds of Trust, Disclosure Requirements, Expert, Expert Listings, Expert Network, Expert Networks, Expert Referral Service, Expert Referral Services, Expert Referrals, Expert Research Firms, Expert Testimony, Expert Witness, Expert Witness Directories, Expert Witness Directory, Foreclosures, Free Expert Directory, Funds Control, Hard Money Loans, Homeowner Association Loans, Income Property Loan Underwriting, Inspections, Inspection Standards, Legal Consultant, Lending Procedures, Litigation Consultant, Litigation Support, Loan Broker Relationships, Loan Documentation, Loan Escrows, Loan Modifications, Loan Participations, Loan Processing, Loan Repurchase Agreements, Loan Sales, Loan Servicing, Loss Mitigation, Mobile Home Parks, Mortgage Lending, Mortgage Loans, National Directory, Office Building, Predatory Lenders, Predatory Loans, Private Money Loans, Private Trust Deeds, Real Estate Lending, Real Estate Loans, Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, Residential Loan Underwriting, RESPA, Retail Centers, Retail Mall, Risk Analysis, Secondary Market, Shopping Centers, Standard of Care, Sub Prime Loans, Trust Deeds.

All contents ©2019 MTCLaw.com. All rights reserved.